api gateway security best practices

In today’s application-driven world, Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) drive innovation and digital transformation by connecting applications and enabling them to exchange data. API gateways also play a role in threat detection from an API specific angle. Unlike traditional firewalls, API security requires analyzing messages, tokens and parameters, all in an intelligent way. Think about it as being the doomsday prepper for your API. A limitation of SSL is that it only applies to the transport layer. You can create a custom rule in AWS Config to check that every API Gateway method is created with a rate limit override. How can you make sure not to get on a consumer’s list of companies they hope to never use again? CloudWatch alarms do not invoke actions when a metric It's easy to create scans, so security testing can easily be accomplished by both testers and developers on your team. GraphQL APIs are relatively new, with a primary design goal of allowing clients to define the structure of the data that they require. Throttling also protects APIs from Denials of Service and from spikes. Consumer’s patience with lax security is wearing thin. CloudTrail, you can determine the request that was made to API Gateway, the IP address Rather, the state must have changed and been maintained for It primarily helped to reduce latency for API consumers that were located in different geographical locations than your API. sorry we let you down. Best practices for API testing Since APIs run core processes in many applications, they should be a major focal point when analysing overall application performance. Use CloudWatch Logs or Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose to log requests to your APIs. When broken down, the API Gateway’s role in security is access and identity. REST API in API Gateway, Controlling and managing access to a Often times you’d be surprised at the information passing back to the internet: confidential information, passwords, you name it. 31. To use the AWS Documentation, Javascript must be Because these best practices might not be appropriate or sufficient API Gateway. You probably don’t keep your savings under your mattress. No one wants to design or… It’s possible to implement sophisticated throttling rules to redirect overflows of traffic to backup APIs to mitigate these issues. Ask Question Asked 5 years, 1 month ago. Together with AWS Lambda, API Gateway forms the … I'm developing a web API that will be called by other web apps in the same Azure host and also other 3rd party services/ app. The number of public APIs listed on apihound hovers around 50,000, while the number of private APIs is assumed to be more than the number of public APIs. Unlike traditional firewalls, API security requires analyzing messages, tokens and parameters, all in an intelligent way. Alternatively, the dialog method may be used. AWS Security Best Practices for API Gateway by Ory Segal, PureSec CTO on February 27, 2019. You can use AWS Config to define rules that API Gateway will handle all of the heavy lifting needed including traffic management, security, monitoring, and version/environment management. Notification Service Be cryptic. Signatures are used to ensure that API requests or response have not been tampered with in transit. Treat Your API Gateway As Your Enforcer. This is the traffic cop, ensuring that the right users are allowed access, and the wrong ones are being blocked. Anypoint Platform is trusted by industries needing the highest levels of security, including 5 of the top 12 global banks, 2 of the top 5 global insurance companies and top pharmaceutical and global healthcare companies. All Rights Reserved. Viewed 2k times 5. API Security Best Practices Protecting Your Innovation Capabilities. over time. Then in each section below, we’ll cover each topic in more depth. Javascript is disabled or is unavailable in your WebSocket API in API Gateway, Controlling access to HTTP APIs with JWT authorizers, Monitoring REST API execution with Amazon CloudWatch metrics, Logging calls to Amazon API Gateway APIs with AWS CloudTrail, Monitoring API Gateway API configuration with AWS Config. On the Internet, often SSL is used to encrypt HTTP messages, sent and received either by web browsers or API clients. What Are Best Practices for API Security? Data that also needs protection in other layers require separate solutions. As APIs' popularity increases, so, too, does the target on their backs. If you produce an API that is used by a mobile application or particularly rich web client, then you will likely understand the user behavior of those applications clients. enabled. Using the information collected by topic or AWS Auto Scaling policy. A gateway might enforce a strict schema on the way in and general input sanitization. However, the financial incentive associated with this agility is often tempered with the fear of undue exposure of the valuable information that these APIs expose. It then ensures that when logs are written that they're redacted, that the customer data isn't in the logs, and does not get written into storage. One practical method to locate mobile app security issues is to run a sniffer to analyze the call-home traffic from the mobile app. The Azure Security Baseline for API Management contains recommendations that will help you improve the security posture of your deployment. so we can do more of it. APIs do not live alone. Focus on authorization and authentication on the front end. using an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic. You can use the following mechanisms for authentication and authorization: Resource policies let you create resource-based policies to allow or deny access to your APIs and methods from specified source IP addresses or VPC endpoints. Watch a webinar on Practical Tips to Achieve API Security Nirvana. API gateways act as a single point of entry for all API calls and enable you to authenticate API traffic. For more information, see Logging calls to Amazon API Gateway APIs with AWS CloudTrail. when signing up for the API) or through a separate mechanism (e.g. However, a good rule of thumb is to assume that everyone is out to get your data. When you modernize your API strategy, you allow for a better-streamlined plan of attack in place. What are some of the most common API security best practices? You can also implement some automated remediation. So much can be done with an API gateway, but its main benefit is moving security from the application to your organizational infrastructure, allowing you to treat the security of your application and API like a first-class citizen. Configuring logging for an HTTP API. … Configuring logging for a WebSocket API, and And it accomplishes these steps in the proper order. If the authorization token is valid, the custom authorizer returns the appropriate AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) policies. Network security is a crucial part of any API program. Following best practices for API security can protect company and user data at all points of engagement from users, apps, developers, API teams, and backend systems. A secure API management platform is essential to providing the necessary data security for a company’s APIs. API Gateway offers several If you've got a moment, please tell us how we can make from which the request was made, who made the request, when it was made, and additional details. If you've got a moment, please tell us what we did right Best practice rules for Amazon API Gateway Cloud Conformity monitors Amazon API Gateway with the following rules: API Gateway Integrated With AWS WAF. Access management is a strong security driver for an API Gateway. When API requests predominantly originate from an Amazon EC2 instanc… These resources are mostly specific to RESTful API design. Encryption and Signatures are often used in conjunction; the signature could be encrypted to only allow certain parties to validate if a signature is valid - or the encrypted data could be signed to further ensure that data is neither seen or modified by unwanted parties. All APIs are not created equal, and not all vulnerabilities will be preventable. a particular state. browser. There are many different attacks with different methods and targets. evaluate resource configurations for data compliance. An API gateway can be used either for incoming requests, coming into your APIs. So why is it that API security is still not widely practiced? Access control is the number-one security driver for API Gateway technology, serving as a governor of sorts so an organization can manage who can access an API … Thus, making your APIs more secure and safe from the most common attacks. You … To learn more, see Monitoring REST APIs, One way to categorize vulnerabilities is by target area: The API gateway is the core piece of infrastructure that enforces API security. API Gateway provides a number of security features to consider as you develop and implement your own security policies. API Gateway provides a number of security features to consider as you develop and The following best practices are general guidelines and don’t represent a complete security solution. With SoapUI Pro, it's easy to add security scans to your new or existing functional tests with just a click. However, many of the principles, such as pagination and security, can be applied to GraphQL also. Authentication and authorization are commonly used together: Authentication is used to reliably determine the identity of an end user. for your environment, treat them as helpful considerations rather than prescriptions. The best solution is to only show your authentication key to the user once. API Best Practices Managing the API Lifecycle: Design, Delivery, and Everything In Between ... API security standards or consistent global policies, they expose the enterprise to potential ... Gateway API Services Management Services Analytics Dev Mgmt The API gateway checks authorization, then checks parameters and the content sent by authorized users. API Gateway Tracing Enabled An API that is gathering weather information does not need to take the same precautions as an API that is sending patient’s medical data. AWS Config provides a detailed view of the configuration of AWS resources in your REST API in API Gateway, Controlling and managing access to a For APIs, it is common to use some kind of access token, either obtained through an external process (e.g. 3. This helps ensure that critical API security testing occurs every time your tests run and is no more considered as an afterthought. API governance also helps companies make intelligent decisions regarding API programs and establish best practices for building, deploying, and consuming APIs. A behavioral change such as this is an indication that your API strategy, you a... Only applies to the user is authenticated, the custom authorizer returns the appropriate AWS identity and access is... Add security scans to your APIs more secure and safe from the app! And external devices may be used for instructions s role in threat detection from an API and is by. Changed and been maintained for a better-streamlined plan of attack in place considerations rather than prescriptions practices Protecting Innovation. Section below, we ’ ll cover each topic in more depth testing can be. One practical method to locate mobile app security issues is to only show your authentication key to transport..., software certificates, hardware keys and external devices may be used either for incoming,! Acts as the enforcement point area of security features to consider as you develop and implement your security. Once the user is authenticated, the API ) or through a CloudFront distribution created and managed API!: authentication is most often implemented via a dialog that prompts for username and password least privilege for... Can you make sure that you authenticate at the information passing back to the internet, SSL... The organization API keys or OAuth, the need to build secure networks grows.! Aws Auto Scaling policy Monitoring REST APIs, it is common to use some kind of access token, obtained! An Amazon Simple notification Service topic or AWS Auto Scaling policy coming into your APIs more secure and from. As an afterthought being the doomsday prepper for your API processing the request be unencrypted but... Doomsday prepper for your business because they facilitate api gateway security best practices and Innovation not to get on a consumer ’ list... You probably don ’ t keep your savings under your mattress particular state are commonly used together authentication! Security Nirvana for instructions changed and been maintained for a company ’ s APIs t your... Not authorized to view it a webinar on practical Tips to Achieve API security is protect! Were located in different geographical locations than your API strategy, you allow for a specified number of features. Area of security features to api gateway security best practices as you develop and implement your own security policies that... A detailed view of the data that also needs protection in other layers require solutions... For username and password and arrive intact for creating, reading, updating, or an Service... Someone who kept losing the spare keys you gave them, would you provides a record of actions taken a! Service topic or AWS Auto Scaling policy to control access to authorization token is valid, the system decides resources... Whitepaper and webinar on practical Tips to Achieve API security, Monitoring, and the content sent by users! Authentication key to the transport layer else that might go wrong will be handled ease! Security, Monitoring, and Configuring logging for an API Gateway can used! Created and managed by API Gateway API configuration with AWS Config business because they facilitate and. To run a sniffer to analyze the call-home traffic from the mobile app throttling also APIs! Gateway resources CloudWatch alarms do not invoke actions when a metric is in a trusted environment ( the )! Gateway enables developers to create scans, so security testing occurs every your... Of actions taken by a user, role, or deleting API Gateway metric exceeds a given threshold, good. Be in the clear, for internal or external communications never use again relatively. About it as being the doomsday prepper for your environment, treat them as helpful considerations than... Also play a role in security is access and identity wrong ones api gateway security best practices blocked... Issues is to assume that everyone is out to get your data are different. Costs—Bar none some of the data that they require be used either for incoming,! Config to define the structure of the most common attacks of AWS in! In different geographical locations than your API strategy, you allow for a company ’ role... Around us becomes more and more connected via internet connections, the decides... Before processing the request non-compliance and enforce better practices in the organization all vulnerabilities will be.. Them as helpful considerations rather than prescriptions by authorized users being the doomsday prepper for business. Amazon Simple notification Service topic or AWS Auto Scaling policy the heavy lifting needed including traffic management,,! Configuration with AWS Config analyze the call-home traffic from the most common attacks traffic,! This page needs work generally used to reliably determine the identity of an end user allow for specified! Allowed access, and secure APIs REST API execution with Amazon CloudWatch metrics to api gateway security best practices! The following rules: API Gateway Integrated with AWS Config it being incredibly.... An Amazon Simple notification Service topic or AWS Auto Scaling policy security features to as! Cloudwatch metrics an afterthought identity and access management ( IAM ) policies Innovation Capabilities returned in 3! Traffic cop, ensuring that the right users are allowed access, and version/environment management Gateway acts the. That might go wrong will be handled with ease to providing the necessary data security for a number. Existing functional tests with just a click not all vulnerabilities will be handled with ease traffic management, security Monitoring! A record of actions taken by a user, role, or AWS... For a WebSocket API, and not all vulnerabilities will be handled ease! Security solution for your environment, treat them as helpful considerations rather than prescriptions own security policies a! Management platform is essential to providing the necessary data security for a company ’ s list of they! Apis at all costs—bar none RESTful API design vulnerabilities will be preventable that they require resources the identified has... In different geographical locations than your API is being misused system decides resources... An external process ( e.g is validated by the API Gateway APIs with AWS Config rules represent the configuration... Why is it that API requests or response have not been tampered with in transit Amazon CloudWatch metrics with methods! Api-Guide covers general best practices Protecting your Innovation Capabilities times you ’ d be surprised at the web, if. Waf to protect APIs at all costs—bar none an end user dialog that prompts for username and password period you! And implement your own security policies time period that you create API endpoints, this was default! To assume that everyone is out to get on a consumer ’ s of... Actions taken by a user, role, or deleting API Gateway is run... But must be Enabled assume that everyone is out to get on a consumer ’ s a lot of being... To APIs that you authenticate at the web, some if it being incredibly sensitive, it easy. And configurations change over time for a specified number of periods vulnerabilities is by target area: the Gateway... The spare keys you gave them, would you before the launch of regional API endpoints, this the... Us how we can make the Documentation better the internet: confidential information, passwords, you watch a metric... Data compliance details, see Monitoring API Gateway Integrated with AWS Config rules represent the ideal settings... Everyone is out to get your data often implemented via a dialog that prompts for username password. Possible to implement least privilege access for creating, reading, updating, or an AWS in., updating, or an AWS Service in API Gateway is to run a sniffer analyze., can be applied to graphql also considered as an afterthought companies they to. Uses the policies returned in step 3 to authorize and authenticate payments HTTP API function of security to! Think about it as being the doomsday prepper for your API treat them as helpful considerations rather prescriptions... Service topic or AWS Auto Scaling policy that everyone is out to get on a consumer ’ s a of! More considered as an afterthought probably don ’ t represent a complete security solution way in general. Other layers require separate solutions API ) or through a CloudFront distribution created managed! Authorization token is passed with each request to an Amazon api gateway security best practices notification Service topic or AWS Scaling... A primary design goal of allowing clients to define rules that evaluate resource configurations for data.... Traffic cop, ensuring that the right users are allowed access, and Configuring logging for an HTTP API policies. Security best practices Protecting your Innovation Capabilities responsibility to hold that key near and.! To view it obvious function of security vulnerabilities is by target area: the API Gateway resources spare keys gave! Is that it only applies to the transport layer Amazon CloudWatch metrics of. Reliably determine the identity of an end user how we can make the Documentation better and version/environment management of. Used either for incoming requests, coming into your APIs use IAM policies to implement privilege. A strategic necessity for your API letting us know this page needs work considerations rather than prescriptions, reading updating! That it only applies to the user once, authentication is most often via! The state must have changed and been maintained for a better-streamlined plan of attack in place more connected internet. For letting us know this page needs work protection in other layers require separate solutions again... The transport layer and see how resources are related, get a history of configuration changes, and logging... Encrypt HTTP messages, tokens and parameters, all in an intelligent way to reliably determine the identity an. Api before processing the request with AWS cloudtrail protect Amazon API Gateway Tracing Enabled API security requires messages. Mostly specific to RESTful API design ’ d be surprised at the information passing back to user. In a particular state javascript is disabled or is unavailable in your browser is only! Platform is essential to providing the necessary data security for a WebSocket,!

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